Integration Guide

Ouinet can also be built as an Android Archive library (AAR) to use in your Android apps.

Build requirements

A lot of free space (something less than 15 GiB). Everything else shall be downloaded by the script.

The instructions below use Vagrant for bulding, but the script should work on any reasonably up-to-date Debian based system.

In the following instructions, we will use <ANDROID> to represent the absolute path to your build directory. That is, the directory from which you will run the script (e.g. ~/


The following instructions will build a Ouinet AAR library and demo client APK package for the armeabi-v7a Android ABI:

host    $ vagrant up --provider=libvirt
host    $ vagrant ssh
vagrant $ mkdir <ANDROID>
vagrant $ cd <ANDROID>
vagrant $ git clone --recursive /vagrant
vagrant $ ./vagrant/scripts/

Note that we cloned a fresh copy of the Ouinet repository at /vagrant. This is not strictly necessary since the build environment supports out-of-source builds, however it spares you from having to keep your source directory clean and submodules up to date at the host. If you fullfill these requirements, you can just skip the cloning and run /vagrant/scripts/ instead.

If you want a build for a different ABI, do set the ABI environment variable:

vagrant $ env ABI=x86_64 /path/to/

In any case, when the build script finishes successfully, it will leave the Ouinet AAR library at build.ouinet/build-android-$ABI/builddir/ouinet/build-android/outputs/aar/ouinet-debug.aar.

Using existing Android SDK/NDK and Boost

By default the script downloads all dependencies required to build the Ouinet Android library, including the Android SDK and NDK. If you already have these installed on your system you can tune the script to use them:

$ export SDK_DIR=/opt/android-sdk
$ export NDK_DIR=/opt/android-sdk/ndk-bundle
$ export ABI=armeabi-v7a
$ /path/to/

Testing with Android emulator

You may also use the script to fire up an Android emulator session with a compatible system image; just run:

host $ /path/to/ emu

It will download the necessary files to the current directory (or reuse files downloaded by the build process, if available) and start the emulator. Please note that downloading the system image may take a few minutes, and booting the emulator for the first time may take more than 10 minutes. In subsequent runs, the emulator will just recover the snapshot saved on last quit, which is much faster.

The ABI environment variable described above also works for selecting the emulator architecture:

host $ env ABI=x86_64 /path/to/ emu

You may also set EMULATOR_API to start a version of Android different from the minimum one supported by Ouinet:

host $ env EMULATOR_API=30 /path/to/ emu  # Android 11

You may pass options to the emulator at the script's command line, after a -- (double dash) argument. For instance:

host $ /path/to/ emu -- -no-snapshot-save

Some useful options include -no-snapshot, -no-snapshot-load and -no-snapshot-save. See emulator startup options for more information.

While the emulator is running, you may interact with it using ADB, e.g. to install the APK built previously. See the script's output for particular instructions and paths.

Running the Android emulator under Docker

The file can be used to setup a Docker container able to run the Android emulator. First create the emulator image with:

$ sudo docker build -t ouinet:android-emu - <

Then, if $SDK_PARENT_DIR is the directory where you want Ouinet's build script to place Android SDK downloads (so that you can reuse them between container runs or from an existing Ouinet build), you may start a temporary emulator container like this:

$ sudo docker run --rm -it \
      --device /dev/kvm \
      --mount type=bind,source="$(realpath "$SDK_PARENT_DIR")",target=/mnt \
      --mount type=bind,source=$PWD,target=/usr/local/src,ro \
      --mount type=bind,source=/tmp/.X11-unix/X0,target=/tmp/.X11-unix/X0 \
      --mount type=bind,source=$HOME/.Xauthority,target=/root/.Xauthority,ro \
      -h "$(uname -n)" -e DISPLAY ouinet:android-emu

The --device option is only needed to emulate an x86_64 device.

Please note how the Ouinet source directory as well as the X11 socket and authentication cookie database are mounted into the container to allow showing the emulator's screen on your display (without giving access to it to everyone via xhost -- this is also why the container has the same host name as the Docker host).

Once in the container, you may run the emulator like this:

$ cd /mnt
$ /usr/local/src/scripts/ bootstrap emu &

You can use adb inside of the container to install packages into the emulated device.

Integrating the Ouinet library into your app

In order for your Android app to access the resources it needs using the HTTP protocol over Ouinet, thus taking advantage of its caching and distributed request handling, you need to take few simple steps.

Here we assume that the app is developed in the Android Studio environment, and that <PROJECT DIR> is your app's project directory.

Option A: Get Ouinet from Maven Central

Select the Ouinet version according to your app's ABI (we officially support ouinet-armeabi-v7a and ouinet-arm64-v8a), and also add Relinker as a dependency in <PROJECT DIR>/app/build.gradle:

dependencies {
    implementation 'ie.equalit.ouinet:ouinet-armeabi-v7a:0.20.0'
    implementation 'com.getkeepsafe.relinker:relinker:1.4.4'

Check that Maven Central is added to the list of repositories used by Gradle:

allprojects {
    repositories {
        // ...

Now the Ouinet library will be automatically fetched by Gradle when your app is built.

Option B: Use your own compiled version of Ouinet

First, you need to compile the Ouinet library for the ABI environment you are aiming at (e.g. armeabi-v7a or x86_64) as described above. After the script finishes successfully, you can copy the ouinet-debug.aar file to your app libs folder:

$ cp /path/to/ouinet-debug.aar <PROJECT DIR>/app/libs/

Then look for the following section of your <PROJECT DIR>/build.gradle:

allprojects {
  repositories {
    // ...

And add this:

flatDir {
  dirs 'libs'
mavenCentral()  // for ReLinker

Then look for the following section of your <PROJECT DIR>/app/build.gradle:

dependencies {
  // ...

And add these:

implementation 'com.getkeepsafe.relinker:relinker:1.4.4'
implementation(name:'ouinet-debug', ext:'aar')

Initialize Ouinet

At this stage your project should compile with no errors. Now to tell Ouinet to take over the app's HTTP communications, in the of your app import Ouinet:

import ie.equalit.ouinet.Ouinet;

Then add a private member to your MainActivity class:

private Ouinet ouinet;

And in its OnCreate method initiate the Ouinet object (using the BEP5/HTTP cache):

Config config = new Config.ConfigBuilder(this)

ouinet = new Ouinet(this, config);

From now on, all of the app's HTTP communication will be handled by Ouinet.

Please note that if you plan to use a directory for Ouinet's static cache in your application (by using ConfigBuilder's setCacheStaticPath() and setCacheStaticContentPath()), then besides the permissions declared by the library in its manifest, your app will need the READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permission (Ouinet will not attempt to write to that directory).

Integration Examples

You can find additional information and samples of Android applications using Ouinet in the following repository: equalitie/ouinet-examples.